In Ethiopia, the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly, expression and association are systematically undermined and suppressed by a combination of legislative and extra-legal limitations.
11 journalists, bloggers and activists were arrested Ethiopian security forces on 25th March 2018, including recently released political prisoners. On 8th March, university lecturer and prominent blogger in Ethiopia, Teshome Seyoum was picked up by security forces at his home
Ethiopia arrests 11 journalist, bloggers and activists: AHRE condemns the government’s continued violation of civil and political rights through the declaration of a new state of emergency and repression, arrest and harassing of civilians. https://t.co/hWSwy83RFa pic.twitter.com/xQ27cSMHWY— AHRE (@ahrethiOrg) March 26, 2018
11 journalists, bloggers and activists were arrested Ethiopian security forces on 25th March 2018, including recently released political prisoners.
Those arrested include journalists Eskinder Nega and Temesgen Desalegn, Zone9 bloggers Mahlet Fantahun, Befekadu Hailu, blogger Zelalem Workaggnhu and political activists Andualem Arage, Addisu Getinet, Yidnekachewu Addis, Sintayehu Chekol, Tefera Tesfaye and Woynshet Molla.
According to the Association for Human Rights in Ethiopia (AHRE), the arrests were carried out while they were attending a private meeting in Addis Ababa at the home of journalist Temesgen Desalegn. The private gathering was held in recognition of the recent release of thousands of political prisoners amidst ongoing and widespread protests against political marginalisation and land grabbing in the Oromia and Amhara regions which began in late 2015. They had also allegedly displayed a flag that differs from the official national banner at the meeting. The eleven are currently being held at Gotera-Pepsi Police Station in Addis Ababa.
On 24th March 2018, around 19 people, including academics and journalist who had travelled to the Amhara regional state’s capital, Bahir Dar, to discuss the formation of a new political party, were arrested in Bahir Dar city. Some of them were allegedly ill-treated during the arrest process.
According to AHRE, among those arrested include Dr. Dessalegn Chane (a professor at Bahir Dar University), Gashawu Mersha, Yesuf Ibrahim (a lawyer and former university lecturer), Temesgen Tessema (a lecturer at Wolo University), Belete Molla (a lecturer at Addis Ababa.University), Nigatu Asress (a journalist at Amhara Regional TV), Belete Kassa (a former editor-in-chief of Qelem Qend newspaper) and Kassu Hailu (a lecturer at Enjibar University).
A university lecturer and prominent blogger in #Ethiopia, #TeshomeSeyoum, was due to appear in court on Thursday (March 22) but the police failed to produce him, local media and rights group reported. https://t.co/nZOht3B5NI #EthiopiaCrisis— Francisco Taveira (@jftaveira1993) March 23, 2018
On 8th March university lecturer and prominent blogger in Ethiopia, Teshome Seyoum was picked up by security forces at his home near the Woliso campus of Ambo University, where he lectures. According to reports, Teshome was due to appear in court 22nd March but the police failed to produce him. Teshome, who publishes the Ethiothinktank blog has been accused of using his social media accounts to "organize a group to instigate violence". He is currently being detained in the Maekelawi Prison in Addis Ababa. The facility is notorious for its use of torture and is earmarked for closure, as part of political reforms announced in January this year.
Taye Dendea, Head of Public Relations and Communications for the Oromia Justice Bureau, was arrested on 15th March after publicly stating in a radio interview that the killing of 15 people by Ethiopian federal forces in Moyale, southern Ethiopia, on 8th March was planned, and not a mistake, as the government had reported. He is also detained at Maekelawi Prison.
The arrests follow the declaration of a national state of emergency on 16th February by the Cabinet for a period of six months, after Prime Minister and Chairman of the country's ruling coalition Hailemariam Desalegn unexpectedly resigned.
The state of emergency includes a number of draconian and overbroad provisions. Among other worrying violations of fundamental democratic freedoms, the State of Emergency imposes a blanket ban on all protests, the dissemination of any publication deemed to “incite and sow discord” including those who criticise the state of emergency, and allows for warrantless arrest.
The Association for Human Rights in Ethiopia has urged the authorities to:
“Immediately and unconditionally release journalists, bloggers, political activists and peaceful protesters who were recently arrested for exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly [and] lift the ban on basic freedoms and fundamental rights that are enforced by the authorities and Command Post following the declaration of the state of emergency.”
As noted in the previous CIVICUS Monitor update, in January and February 2018, to quell massive anti-government protests, thousands of political prisoners were pardoned and released including journalists, activists and opposition leaders.
During the previous state of emergency between October 2016 and August 2017, the authorities arrested thousands of people including politicians, journalists and activists, many on trumped up terrorism charges. They were also reports that their trials were marked by prolonged pre-trial detention, undue delays and persistent complaints of torture and other ill-treatment. The police and army continued to enjoy impunity for human rights violations committed.
#Ethiopia chooses new leader from protest hit region in break from pasthttps://t.co/lwSsVuEBOs— Addis Standard (@addisstandard) March 28, 2018
⏩“He was the candidate with the most radical reform agenda compared to the other three candidates,” @halelule
⏩“He doesn’t have the experience or the temperament,” @daniel_berhane
On 27th and 28th March 2018, the BBC, Al Jazeera and others reported that the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPDRF) had elected Dr. Abiy Ahmed as its new leader following a closed meeting of 170 of the party's senior leadership. The announcement was greeted by a sense of guarded optimism from some opposition leaders in Ethiopia. Dr. Ahmed, who is 42, is a former minister and is now likely to become Ethiopia's first prime minister from the Oromo ethnic group. That fact is seen as significant by some who hope that his appointment is a recognition by the ruling party that he it has to do more to address the grievances of groups in Oromiya region who have been protesting against the government in large numbers since 2015.
The adoption of the 2009 Charities and Societies Proclamation (CSP) has precipitated the near complete cessation of independent human rights reporting in the country.
The adoption of the 2009 Charities and Societies Proclamation (CSP) has precipitated the near complete cessation of independent human rights reporting in the country. Under CSP, international human rights groups are proscribed from working in the country and national groups are prohibited from receiving more than 10% of their funding from foreign sources if they work on a number of human rights issues including, inter alia, human and democratic rights, promotion of gender and religion, the rights of children and people with disabilities, conflict resolution or reconciliation and the promotion of the efficiency of justice and law enforcement agencies. Moreover, national groups are forced to receive explicit approval from the authorities to conduct any form of domestic fundraising and must provide detailed information of all individual benefactors. Under this highly restrictive legal framework, few organisations manage to operate in the country and those that have maintained their explicit human rights mandate are subjected to discriminatory application of the law as well as intimidation and harassment by the state.
While largely intolerant of public demonstrations, since 2015 the government has instituted an unprecedented and deadly crackdown on the right to freedom of assembly. The authorities frequently invoke restrictive legislation, including to proscribe groups critical of the government from holding public protests.
While largely intolerant of public demonstrations, since 2015 the government has instituted an unprecedented and deadly crackdown on the right to freedom of assembly. The authorities frequently invoke restrictive legislation, including to proscribe groups critical of the government from holding public protests. When demonstrations do occur they are frequently met with disproportionate, excessive and lethal force as well as arbitrary arrests of participants, supporters, organisors and monitors. In response to a recent wave of protests in the Oromia region beginning in November 2015, security forces have killed over 400 protesters, including scores of children, and arrested, detained or prosecuted thousands of others under the widely criticised 2009 Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (ATP). The protestors, who are opposing the dispossession of their land by the government under its national development plan, continue to demonstrate despite this violent state repression. Moreover, ongoing peaceful protests organised by members of the Muslim community in the capital, Addis Ababa, since 2012 have been subjected to unjustifiable and violent state obstruction. On at least four occasions, security forces used unwarranted and excessive force, including firing live ammunition and tear gas to disperse protestors. On3 August 2015, 18 Muslim leaders, protestors and journalists were sentenced to between 7 and 22 years in prisonunder the ATP.
The Anti-Terrorism Proclamation severely restricts freedom of expression, and has been widely used to stifle dissent. Police forces have imprisoned and sentenced scores of journalists using vague provisions of the law and forced dozens of others to flee the country to avoid further persecution.
The Anti-Terrorism Proclamation severely restricts freedom of expression, and has been widely used to stifle dissent. Police forces have imprisoned and sentenced scores of journalists using vague provisions of the law and forced dozens of others to flee the country to avoid further persecution. Currently at least 10 remain in prison under the ATP while 30 journalists fled the country in 2014 alone. The government also continues to arbitrarily close independent media outlets and censor online platforms. Also in 2014 at least six publications were unwarrantedly dissolved. The government has intensified its control over the Internet, and blocked access to independent websites or critical television and radio programmes. Assessments undertaken in early 2012 revealed that 65 websites related to news, 14 websites belonging to different Ethiopian political parties, 37 blogs, 7 audio-video websites, and 37 Facebook pages were not accessible in the country. The monitoring of telephone calls by security agents is also widely reported. Journalists both local and foreign are also barred by security agents from covering protests, such as the recent demonstrations in Oromia, which severely hampers documentation of rights violations committed during the protests.