CIVICUS

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Zimbabwe

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Last updated on 24.08.2020 at 10:00

The Civic Space Developments

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Economic decline, crackdown on rights; Zimbabweans hanker for change through protests

Economic decline, crackdown on rights; Zimbabweans hanker for change through protests

Workers and civil servants sustain protest actions to call for better wages to cushion them from economic shocks; Hopewell Chin’ono, a prominent Zimbabwean journalist known for exposing government corruption arrested and charged;

Association

As the country’s economy continues to decline, workers and civil servants have sustained protest actions to call for better wages to cushion them from the resulting economic shocks, as previously reported on the Monitor. In this regard, even as countries around the world battle the COVID-19 pandemic, nurses from the Parirenyatwa Hospital in Harare downed tools in June 2020 in a boycott action to demand better terms amid soaring inflation. The nurses, through the Zimbabwe Nurses Association, demanded to be paid in US dollars as opposed to the local Zimbabwean dollars currency, citing that growing inflation had drastically reduced the value of their local currency salaries.

The government said it would enter negotiations with the nurses, although they wrote off any possibility of paying the nurses in US dollars.

Peaceful Assembly

Still in the context of the country’s declining economic situation, protesters gathered in the streets in Harare on 31st July 2020 holding pamphlets and singing songs against government corruption and economic decline. Soldiers and police officers forcefully dispersed the peaceful protest citing the ongoing curfew restrictions in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, arresting at least 20 protesters. Those arrested were charged with inciting public violence and released on bail.

Expression

Ahead of the planned 31st July protests (see above in peaceful assembly section), Hopewell Chin’ono, a prominent Zimbabwean journalist known for exposing government corruption, was arrested on 20th July 2020 by about eight law enforcement officers who raided his home after he exposed corruption in the procurement of COVID-19 supplies which led to the sacking of Health Minister Obadiah Moyo in early July 2020. Chin’ono was charged with “incitement to participate in public violence.”

Responding to the journalist’s arrest, CPJ Africa Programme Coordinator Angela Quintal said:

“The detention of investigative journalist Hopewell Chin’ono is yet another example of Zimbabwe’s increasing intolerance toward the press and those who expose corruption allegations about the country’s ruling elite… Instead of detaining those responsible for stealing public funds, President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s security forces would rather employ strong-arm tactics to silence the messenger. Hopewell Chin’ono must be released immediately and allowed to work freely.”

Four days later, on 24th July, Chin’ono was denied bail by a Magistrate’s Court on grounds that he was a public threat and would continue to incite violence if released. His appeal for bail was rejected by the High Court on 6th August. Chin’ono’s case suffered another blow on 18th August when the Magistrate’s Court barred his lawyer, Beatrice Mtetwa, from representing him in the case, on allegations of contempt of court for running Facebook page critical of the justice system. The case was slated for a fresh bail hearing on 19th August which was to be held in private.

The European Union In Zimbabwe urged the authorities to respect the rights of accused persons to bail expeditiously and without prejudice, and to representation by a lawyer of their choice. They called on the judiciary to discharge their duties in an impartial and independent manner.

On 24th August 2020, the Magistrate's Court rejected Chin'ono's application for bail a second time.

In separate developments, describing the country’s situation as "a multi-layered crisis" characterised by economic collapse, deepening poverty, corruption and human rights abuses, Catholic Bishops in mid-August 2020 wrote a letter denouncing the unprecedented crackdown on dissent in the country, which has seen citizens live in fear.

Association

The right to freedom of association is guaranteed under Zimbabwe’s constitution. However,

The right to freedom of association is guaranteed under Zimbabwe’s constitution. However, adherence to this right is not reflected in domestic laws and regulations, nor in practice. Associations are subject to mandatory registration requirements through complex registration procedures, with severe penalties (including fines and imprisonment) for operating as an unregistered group.Associations can be denied legal recognition on broad and politically motivated grounds, with no clear timeframe for review or appeal processes. Foreign funding is restricted for organisations engaged in voter educating programmes, which is matched by hostile government rhetoric against groups that receive foreign funding. NGOs and their leaders are also subject to routine harassment and intimidation.

Peaceful Assembly

Anti-government protests have proliferated in Zimbabwe since June 2016, as the country heads towards elections in 2018.

Anti-government protests have proliferated in Zimbabwe since June 2016, as the country heads towards elections in 2018. Between July 5 and July 15, 2016 at least 300 people were arrested and charged with violating provisions of the Criminal Law Codification and Reform Act after participating in peaceful protests over economic mismanagement by the government. Police have responded to the wave of protests by indiscriminately using water cannons, teargas, and batons against peaceful protestors.

Expression

Freedom of expression is guaranteed under Zimbabwe’s constitution, but this right is undermined by a repressive legal framework.

Freedom of expression is guaranteed under Zimbabwe’s constitution, but this right is undermined by a repressive legal framework. Throughout 2015, at least 10 journalists were arrested for writing articles critical of government officials and faced charges under the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act. The government is also developing a Computer Crime and Cyber Crime Bill that would severely limit citizens’ access to information, monitor private communications, and impose prison sentences on violators. Human rights defender Itai Dzamara was forcible disappeared on 9 March 2015. State authorities, who have denied involvement in his abduction, have conducted no meaningful investigations into his disappearance. In August 2016, Pastor Evan Mawarire- organiser of the #ThisFlag campaign, was forced to flee Zimbabwe on the basis of threats and judicial harassment.