killing of protestors

"Black Thursday": at least 50 killed in protests against extension of military transitional period

On 20th October 2022, dozens of people were killed in protests across the country against the decision of the military junta to extend the transitional period by another two years. Civil society actors and opposition, including the platform Wakit Tama and opposition party Transformateurs, had called for the protests on 20th October 2022 - the day that would mark the end of the initially agreed 18-month transition to civilian rule. On 19th October 2022, authorities banned the protests saying organisers had not complied with legal provisions related to protests, adding that the protest "aims to create a popular and armed insurrection with the support of external forces in order to destabilise the country". Read more  |  Read in French

"Black Thursday": at least 50 killed in protests against extension of military transitional period

Civic freedoms remain highly restricted as Karakalpakstan protests turn violent, bloggers and activists targeted

On 20th June 2022, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev outlined draft amendments to the Constitution and proposed holding a nation-wide referendum on the amendments. Observers and civil society activists voiced concern that the proposed amendments do not envisage any limitation of the President’s scope of power, and would allow President Mirziyoyev to potentially remain in power for two more seven-year terms – until 2040. The proposed amendments triggered an outcry in the Republic of Karakalpakstan in western Uzbekistan since they included amendments removing this region’s autonomous status and its constitutional right to secede from Uzbekistan. Authorities reportedly dispersed the demonstration using excessive force. Official figures indicate that 21 people died, including 17 citizens and four law enforcement officials. However, media reports stated that by the evening of 2nd July 2022 there were at least 77 bodies at the Republican Scientific Centre for Emergency Medical Care. The authorities have detained journalists, bloggers and activists whom they suspect of playing leading roles in the protests. Read more

Civic freedoms remain highly restricted as Karakalpakstan protests turn violent, bloggers and activists targeted

Ecuador: two journalists killed in Manabí within a month

Indigenous rights defender Lina María Espinosa has received several death threats related to her work in 2022, human rights organisation Amnesty International warned in August 2022. On 7th July 2022, for instance, Espinosa received an anonymous phone call in which a man told her that he had been surprised not to see her at a meeting between the government and the Indigenous movement and added, “we already have your wreath of flowers ready.” Read more

Ecuador: two journalists killed in Manabí within a month

Haiti: Escalating protests over multiple crises, with people calling for Prime Minister’s resignation

In August and September 2022, towns across Haiti saw recurrent protests over rising fuel prices amid shortages, inflation, poverty, food insecurity, gang violence and other pressing issues. Many of the protesters demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Ariel Henry, who they said has done little to address the country’s crises. Read more

Haiti: Escalating protests over multiple crises, with people calling for Prime Minister’s resignation

Military junta dissolves FNDC coalition following protests

On 8th August 2022, Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation of the military transitional government, Mory Condé, issued an order dissolving Front National pour la Défense de la Constitution (FNDC), a coalition of political parties, trade unions and civil society groups formed in April 2019 against any changes in the Constitution as to allow former President Alpha Condé to run for an unconstitutional third term. In the order, the military transitional government accuses FNDC of perpetrating violence and targeting security forces during protests. The order further motivates the group's dissolution as FNDC "jeopardises national unity, public peace and peaceful living together, does not appear on the list of NGOs in Guinea, nor on the list of association collectives […] and even less in the directory of NGOs approved in Republic of Guinea".

Read more  |  Read in French

Military junta dissolves FNDC coalition following protests

Escalating tensions & crackdown on human rights defenders & journalists

The reporting period saw a serious deterioration in the protection of fundamental freedoms due to a violent crackdown, mainly on protesters, by security forces in the Gorno Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) (an autonomous region in eastern Tajikistan) in November 2021 and, again, in May 2022. Read more

Escalating tensions & crackdown on human rights defenders & journalists

Arrests, excessive force around protests in Nepal while journalists remain at risk

Over the last five months, there have been reports of excessive force and firearms by the police against protesters in the Tarai region leading to one death. Arrests and excessive force were also reported around the anti-fuel protests and the Citizenship Bill. Journalist have also been threatened, assaulted, and arrested for their work. Read more

Arrests, excessive force around protests in Nepal while journalists remain at risk

Civic freedoms restricted ahead of 24th August general elections

On 17th August 2022, police officers attempted to prevent a civil society protest from taking place in Luanda. The protest, organised by dozens of CSO's, aimed to protest irregularities in the electoral process for the upcoming general elections on 24th August 2022. Groups of protesters, spread out on the planned itinerary of the protest, were dispersed by police officers. Dozens of protesters, including VOA correspondent Coque Mukuta, were reportedly arrested. Read more

Civic freedoms restricted ahead of 24th August general elections

Authorities declare nationwide curfew amid deadly protests sparked by the rising cost of living

At least a dozen people were killed during protests that erupted in Freetown and other major cities in Sierra Leone on 10th August 2022. The demonstrations, gathering hundreds of people, were sparked by high inflation, the rising cost of basic goods and the perceived failure of the government to cushion the effects of these rising prices. Read more

Authorities declare nationwide curfew amid deadly protests sparked by the rising cost of living

Several killed, injured, arrested in protest against the military junta’s “unilateral management of the transition”

Front National pour la Défence de la Constitution (FNDC), a coalition of political parties, civil society groups and trade unions, called for protests on 28th and 29th July 2022 in Conakry to demand more transparency in Guinea’s transition, as coordinated by the military junta. Protests also called for the establishment of an inclusive framework for dialogue. According to news reports, the military junta deployed the armed forces to maintain public order during the demonstrations, and security forces reportedly used tear gas to disperse protesters, while protesters responded by throwing stones and burning tyres. Some of the protests turned into violent clashes between protesters and security forces, particularly in the neighbourhoods of Bambèto, Sonfonia and on the route Le Prince, and which led to casualties, injuries,and dozens of arrests. Read more  |  Read in French

Several killed, injured, arrested in protest against the military junta’s “unilateral management of the transition”