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Burundi

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Last updated on 22.06.2021 at 17:47

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Release of IWACU four journalists, refugees experience human rights violations

Release of IWACU four journalists, refugees experience human rights violations

On 9th March 2021, 5,225 Burundian prisoners were pardoned pursuant to a presidential decree dated 5th March 2021, in an attempt to decongest the prisons. The decree is likely to benefit prisoners convicted of minor crimes, pregnant women or those with children, minors, prisoners with chronic diseases, prisoners aged 70 and above, and inmates with mental disorders. The presidential decree also resulted in the release of four journalists who were convicted of threatening the country's security being released. The four journalists were arrested in October 2019 while reporting in Bubanza province on the insecurity that befell the region. They were accused of attempts of conspiracy that undermined the country’s internal security which the four journalists refuted, arguing that they were only doing their work. In June 2020, the court dismissed their appeal and they were sent to Bubanza Prison to serve their sentences, but they were granted a presidential pardon later in the year.

Association

Prisoners released by presidential decree

On 9th March 2021, 5,225 Burundian prisoners were pardoned pursuant to a presidential decree dated 5th March 2021, in an attempt to decongest the prisons. The decree is likely to benefit prisoners convicted of minor crimes, pregnant women or those with children, minors, prisoners with chronic diseases, prisoners aged 70 and above, and inmates with mental disorders. The presidential decree also resulted in the release of four journalists who were convicted of threatening the country's security being released. The four journalists were arrested in October 2019 while reporting in Bubanza province on the insecurity that befell the region. They were accused of attempts of conspiracy that undermined the country’s internal security which the four journalists refuted, arguing that they were only doing their work. In June 2020, the court dismissed their appeal and they were sent to Bubanza Prison to serve their sentences, but they were granted a presidential pardon later in the year.

Reduced sentence for HRD Germain Rukuki

On 24th March 2021, the Burundian Supreme Court ordered a re-trial for human rights defender and anti-torture campaigner Germain Rukuki, who is currently serving a 32-year prison sentence. The court rendered invalid the July 2019 Appeal Court decision to uphold Rukuki’s conviction and prison sentence and sent the case back to the Ntahangwa Appeal Court, with a newly composed bench. This was based on procedural irregularities. As previously reported by the Monitor, Rukuki was charged with “threatening state security” and taking part in an “insurrectional movement.” Germain Rukuki campaigned against torture in Burundi and was arrested in connection with his previous work with local organisation Action by Christians for Abolition of Torture (ACAT-Burundi), which had been shut down by the government. On 26th April 2018, he was found guilty of “rebellion”, “threatening State security”, “participation in an insurrectional movement” and "attack on the authority of the State" and sentenced to 32 years in prison. On 21 June 2021, the Appeal Court of Ntahangwa ruled on the case of Germain Rukuki and sentenced him to one year in prison.

Human rights organisations condemn continued human rights violations against refugees

On 11th March 2021, Defend Defenders released a statement at the UN Human Rights Council expressing concern about continued human rights violations and ongoing impunity in Burundi. On 8th April 2021, UN Secretary-General António Guterres announced that the UN special envoy’s office in Burundi was set to close on 31st May 2021. In November 2020, Burundi informed the UN that the office would be closed in December 2020 but the UN needed more time to phase out, and the closure was agreed for May 2021. The office was established during the 2015 political crisis. The UN will continue monitoring Burundi via the special envoy to the Great Lakes region, as part of its monitoring of and reporting on the sub-region. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) raised concerns about the ongoing targeting of Burundian refugees in Tanzania. According to UN reports, Burundian political opposition members seeking asylum in Tanzania are tracked by Burundian intelligence agents posing as refugees and face the risk of arbitrary arrest by the Tanzanian authorities. Arbitrary arrests and enforced disappearances create a climate of fear amongst refugees.

Expression

Burundian media outlets suspended

On 24th March 2021, Rwanda suspended independent Burundian media outlets in exile, including Radio Publique Africaine (RPA), INZAMBA and Radio Télévision Renaissance. After the crisis erupted in 2015, the media outlets moved to Rwanda after the failed coup against then-President Pierre Nkurunziza. On 12th April 2021, RPA resumed broadcasting following a two-week interruption. On 20th April 2021, Reporters Without Borders released its annual World Press Freedom Index. Burundi ranked 147th out of 180 countries, an increase of 13 places from the 2020 Index. This is due to a number of positive changes, including the release of the four IWACU journalists and the government’s efforts to resume dialogue with banned local media.

Association in Burundi

Burundian civil society grew in size and influence after the mid-1990s and made important contributions to deepening democracy, including during free and fair elections in 2005 when the civil war ended.

Burundian civil society grew in size and influence after the mid-1990s and made important contributions to deepening democracy, including during free and fair elections in 2005 when the civil war ended. As a consequence of its influence, organised civil society has been one of the main targets of the government’s latest crackdown. In 2016, the authorities continue to harass, arrest, brutalise and in some cases detain, kill or cause the disappearance of civil society leaders as well as individual activists (including students) who took part in the anti-third term demonstrations in April 2015. Following the attempted assassination of prominent human rights defender Pierre Claver Mponimba in August 2015, two members of his family were brutally murdered. In November 2015, the government froze the bank accounts of fourteen prominent CSOs, including several human rights organisations, a move which has seriously impeded civil society’s ability to conduct human rights monitoring and advocacy. As a climate of fear prevails, many civil society leaders have been forced into exile in order to avoid arrests, violent attacks and assassination attempts. Enforced disappearances of human rights defenders are also a concern. For example, Marie-Claudette Kwizera, treasurer of a prominent human rights organisation, Iteka League, was allegedly abducted by the National Intelligence Services on 10 December 2015 and remains unaccounted for.


Peaceful Assembly in Burundi

Even though article 32 of Burundi’s constitution protects the right to peaceful assembly, public demonstrations in Burundi have become almost impossible in the wake of the sustained use of excessive force by security forces.

Even though article 32 of Burundi’s constitution protects the right to peaceful assembly, public demonstrations in Burundi have become almost impossible in the wake of the sustained use of excessive force by security forces. Peaceful demonstrations in April 2015 against an extension of the president’s mandate sparked a brutal assault by police on demonstrators, during which they were recorded using live ammunition, shooting people at point blank range and even shooting demonstrators in the back as they ran away. Other threats to the freedom of assembly come from a regressive public gatherings law which prevents spontaneous gatherings, and impunity for frequent assaults on demonstrators by non-state actors, including by the ruling party’s youth wing Imbonerakure.

Expression in Burundi

Prior to the crackdown on free media in 2015, Burundi’s World Press Freedom Ranking was already a lowly 142nd, having been as high as 72nd a decade earlier.

Prior to the crackdown on free media in 2015, Burundi’s World Press Freedom Ranking was already a lowly 142nd, having been as high as 72nd a decade earlier. In a clear violation of constitutional protections, the government has stamped out most if not all independent journalism in Burundi through the closure of radio stations and attacks on individual journalists. As traditional media have been closed off, reporters have formed a new online reporting collective, SOS Médias Burundi which continues to provide reports on human rights violations within the country through social media channels. With Internet penetration at just 1.4%, for most Burundians news other than state propaganda is hard to access.