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Djibouti

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Last updated on 16.05.2022 at 14:29

The Civic Space Developments

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Dix ans de prison pour le lieutenant Fouad Youssouf pour avoir dénoncé des actes de corruption

Dix ans de prison pour le lieutenant Fouad Youssouf pour avoir dénoncé des actes de corruption

La Cour criminelle de Djibouti a condamné l'ancien lieutenant de l'armée de l'air djiboutienne Fouad Youssouf Ali à dix ans de prison et à une amende supplémentaire de 300 000 FD (1 686 USD) pour une vidéo dénonçant un acte de corruption d'un haut responsable militaire ainsi qu'un cas de discrimination clanique le 12 juin 2020.

Le 21 décembre 2021, à l'issue d'une mission à Djibouti, le Fonds monétaire international (FMI) a affirmé que « les investissements à grande échelle de Djibouti dans ses infrastructures ont insufflé une forte croissance économique ces dernières années, mais les bénéfices n’ont pas été largement partagés [...] Ils ont généré peu de recettes fiscales et d'emplois dans le pays, et le chômage reste élevé. En conséquence, les progrès en matière de résultats sociaux ont été lents ». Le FMI a ajouté que « les perspectives économiques sont assombries par le conflit en Éthiopie ».

Selon des informations communiquées par des sources djiboutiennes, M. Farah Loubak, un jeune afar détenu à la prison centrale de Gabode (Djibouti-ville), est décédé en détention le 22 décembre 2021. La Ligue djiboutienne des droits humains (LDDH) a exigé une enquête approfondie sur sa mort. Dans une lettre adressée au ministère de la Justice le 9 janvier 2022, la LDDH a fait référence à des scénarios récurrents de décès en détention.

Liberté d'expression

Le 8 novembre 2021, la Cour criminelle de Djibouti a condamnél'ancien lieutenant de l'armée de l'air djiboutienne Fouad Youssouf Ali à dix ans de prison et à une amende supplémentaire de 300 000 FD (1 686 USD). La Cour l'a déclaré coupable des délits de « provocation à s'armer contre l'autorité de l'État, tentative de vol d'un aéronef militaire et provocation des militaires à la désobéissance ». Comme nous l'avons signalé sur le Monitor CIVICUS, Ali a été arrêté et accusé de trahison après avoir publié une vidéo dénonçant un acte de corruption d'un haut responsable militaire ainsi qu'un cas de discrimination clanique le 12 juin 2020.

Association in Djibouti

Despite constitutional protections, civil society organisations and activists in Djibouti experience frequent violations of their right to associate freely.

Despite constitutional protections, civil society organisations and activists in Djibouti experience frequent violations of their right to associate freely. In December 2015, the head of the Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits de l’Homme (LDDH), the last remaining human rights organisation in Djibouti, was publicly harassed and beaten by the chief of police. A few days later, he was shot and critically injured in the throat by security forces. Despite the severity of his injuries, he was ordered to leave hospital after only 8 days. Other LDDH members were arrested and unlawfully detained; and the organisation’s offices were raided by police officers, who seized computer equipment and archives. It is not only human rights groups that have had their freedom of association violated in Djibouti. In 2014 for instance, individual teachers were targeted because of their union activities. Activists have also been prevented from travelling and had their passports confiscated.

Peaceful Assembly in Djibouti

In a country where power lies in the hands of a small political elite, peaceful protests are tightly controlled by the authorities.

In a country where power lies in the hands of a small political elite, peaceful protests are tightly controlled by the authorities. A state of emergency was introduced in the wake of terror attacks in other countries, granting the authorities the power to break up peaceful gatherings without adhering to due process. Protests in recent years, for example those against unfree elections in 2013, were violently suppressed by the authorities. The single most violent incident occurred in the early hours of 21 December 2015 when participants in a religious and cultural ceremony prepared to gather to read the Quran. They were shot at by police attempting to disperse the crowd, and although between 19 and 37 people lost their lives, the incident received scant international attention.

Expression in Djibouti

There is virtually no free media in Djibouti, and only one in ten people have access to external sources of news via the Internet.

There is virtually no free media in Djibouti, and only one in ten people have access to external sources of news via the Internet. A problematic communication law itself impedes free speech and media pluralism, while criminal defamation laws are used to clamp down on dissent. Having released a list of names of people massacred by security forces during the religious gathering in December 2015, human rights activist Omar Ali Ewado was arrested and charged with public defamation. He spent one and a half months in prison. There is just one independent news outlet in Djibouti – La Voix de Djibouti – a radio station which broadcasts from outside the country due to the threat of attacks against its journalists. Journalists that report on the treatment of human rights activists can themselves become targets for brutal treatment by the security forces.