The CIVICUS Monitor is a research tool that provides quantitative and qualitative data on the state of civil society and civic freedoms in 197 countries and territories. The data is generated through a collaboration with more than 20 civil society research partners, and input from a number of independent human rights evaluations. The data provides the basis for civic space ratings, which are based on up-to-date information and indicators on the state of freedom of association, peaceful assembly and expression. Countries can be rated as: open, narrowed , obstructed, repressed or closed.


The CIVICUS Monitor is an ongoing research collaboration between global civil society alliance CIVICUS and over 20 research partner organisations that have contributed the bulk of the data upon which this report is based. A full list and description of our partners is here.

The CIVICUS Monitor team is very grateful for the expertise and guidance of an advisory panel that reviews all suggested ratings changes and provides overall guidance and advice. Current members of the advisory panel are: Betty Barkha, Silke Pfeiffer, Mireille Tushiminina, Deanne Uyangoda and Nawa Villy.

CIVICUS Monitor research team: Ms Barreto, Josef Benedict, Débora Leão, Sylvia Mbataru, Aarti Narsee, Ine Van Severen and Julieta Zurbrigg.

Editor: Andrew Firmin

Editing/Proof-reading: Margaret Fish

Design and layout: Diego López and Matthew Reading-Smith

CIVICUS team: Kgalalelo Gaebee, Lerato Pagiwa, Yara Harake, Silvia Puerto Aboy, Cornelius Hanung, David Kode, Mawethu Nkolomba, Paul Mulindwa, Isabel Rosales and Mandeep Tiwana.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The views expressed are those of the CIVICUS secretariat and do not necessarily reflect the views of the CIVICUS Monitor research partners.