killing of protestors

Sustained wave of protests in Haiti met with excessive force

In September 2019, a new wave of protests engulfed Haiti. Fuel shortages, spiralling inflation, accusations of government corruption and a lack of water, food and basic services were among the main causes leading people to the streets. As previously reported on the Monitor, the Caribbean country has been immersed in a political crisis since 2018 and people have often mobilised to demand change. Newspapers such as Deutche Welle have called it the country’s “longest wave of demonstrations for years”. Read more

Sustained wave of protests in Haiti met with excessive force

April 2019 legislative elections marred by civic space violations

In the run-up to, during and following the legislative elections several civic space violations took place - including blanket bans on protests, the shutdown of the internet, excessive use of force by security forces, including lethal force, leading to the killing of several people, the shutdown of the internet on election day and arbitrary arrests. Read more

April 2019 legislative elections marred by civic space violations

Indigenous communities in Colombia under attack

The Colombia National Indigenous Organisation reported that 115 Indigenous people have been assassinated so far in 2019. On 28th October 2019, rural workers association Asociación Nacional de Zonas de Reserva Campesina (National Association of Peasant Reserve Zones - ANZORC) reported that 16-year-old social leader Flower Jair Trompeta Pavi had been tortured and murdered. On 29th October 2019, an illegal armed group in the Cauca region attacked members of the Nasa people, killing indigenous authority Ne’h Wesx Cristina Taquinas Bautista and four Indigenous Guards. Six other people were wounded.

On 21st November 2019, over 200,000 protesters took to the streets of Colombia for a 12-hour nationwide strike. Initially called by unions, the strike was joined by pensioners, students, indigenous groups and other social sectors. The killing of 18-year-old Dylan Muricio Cruz during a protest for education on 23rd November 2019 in Bogotá has mobilised more protests. Read more

Indigenous communities in Colombia under attack

Lack of accountability for police violence, attacks on journalists and activists in Indonesia

In the last few months, mass protests by students were met with excessive use of force and firearms by the police with impunity. Further, activists peacefully protesting on West Papua are facing “rebellion” charges while two journalists and an environmental activist have died. Police have also attacked journalists covering a protest while the authorities continue to pursue a human rights lawyer for her activism on West Papua. Read more

Lack of accountability for police violence, attacks on journalists and activists in Indonesia

Concerns about freedom of expression in Nigeria: journalists arrested, protests repressed

According to the Amnesty International report 'Endangered Voices. Attack on Freedom of Expression in Nigeria', at least 19 journalists, bloggers and media practitioners have been subject to attacks between January and September 2019. These range from physical attacks, verbal assaults, death threats, surveillance, indiscriminate detention to pressure to reveal sources, mostly perpetrated by Nigerian security forces. Read more

Concerns about freedom of expression in Nigeria:  journalists arrested, protests repressed

Former Torture Centre Reopened to Public and Former Inmates

Maekelawi, the infamous police station in the heart of Addis Ababa, was opened for the first time to the public and former detainees, Ethiopia’s parliament passed a new election law ahead of elections scheduled for May 2020- opposition parties however said the changes make it more difficult for them, protests which began against prime minister Abiy Ahmed erupted into chaos and ethnic violence in Addis Ababa and the Oromia region leaving at least 78 people dead, 400 arrested, popular political satire show, Min Litazez was taken off the air. Read more

Former Torture Centre Reopened to Public and Former Inmates

“Chile has awoken”: several demonstrators killed and thousands detained in massive protests

Over a million people took to the streets in Chile during October 2019, in what started as a protest against higher transportation tariffs and developed into a nationwide movement. On 4th October 2019, a 30 peso (US$ 0.04) increase in metro fares was announced, prompting student-led protests. As the government cracked down on demonstrators, thousands of people joined in to express their general discontent with Chile’s high living costs and growing inequality. Read more

“Chile has awoken”: several demonstrators killed and thousands detained in massive protests

Mass protests in Ecuador: hundreds detained and thousands injured in ten days

On 1st October 2019, President Lenin Moreno announced an economic package meant to boost Ecuador’s economy. The measures were rejected by indigenous communities, unions and other groups, leading to mass protests. As previously reported on the Monitor, many social movements have resisted Moreno’s austerity policies, imposed as part of a USD 4.2 billion agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) signed in March 2019.

According to Ecuador’s Ombudsman Office, during the ten days of protest, eight people were killed, 1,340 were injured and 1,192 detained. Indigenous peoples were particularly targeted by security forces and negatively portrayed by pro-government media. President of CONAIE Jaime Vargas’ assessment differed from official statistics, accounting for ten people killed and over 2,000 injured. Read more

Mass protests in Ecuador: hundreds detained and thousands injured in ten days

Protests against constitutional changes : at least 9 killed, several activists sentenced to prison

The Front national de la défense de la Constitution (FNDC; National Front for the Defense of the Constitution) a coalition of opposition parties, civil society organisations and trade unions formed in April 2019, vowed to use 'all legal means' to oppose any changes in the Constitution, which could see the two-term limit for presidents removed, allowing president Alpha Condé to run for a third term. Nationwide protests, called for by FNDC, were repressed, with at least 9 people killed, while protest leaders were arrested in the days leading up to the protests. Read more  |  Read in French

Protests against constitutional changes : at least 9 killed, several  activists sentenced to prison

Protesters face brutal violations as widespread protests escalate, internet shut down

Protests which began in July 2018, have continued to escalate throughout the year, as police use lethal force to disperse protesters, at least 100 reported dead, thousands injured. internet shut down as protests continue, journalists continue to face threats to their lives, arbitrary arrests and detention, regional broadcaster suspended. Read more

Protesters face brutal violations as widespread protests escalate, internet shut down