Civic Space Developments

Expression in Cape Verde

While the media sector is relatively small, it is dynamic and marked by real pluralism. Community and private radio and television stations operate alongside state-owned media. Read more

Peaceful Assembly in Cape Verde

Freedom of peaceful assembly is guaranteed by Article 52 of the constitution, which provides that the organisers must simply notify the authorities that they intend to gather. Read more

Association in Cape Verde

People in Cabo Verde are free to form associations and the civil society sector has developed significantly since political reforms in the early 1990s. Read more

Cape Verde-Overview

People in Cabo Verde are free to express their opinions, form associations and demonstrate peacefully in public. They do this with strong guarantees in law and with protection from the state. Read more

Expression in Burundi

Prior to the crackdown on free media in 2015, Burundi’s World Press Freedom Ranking was already a lowly 142nd, having been as high as 72nd a decade earlier. Read more

Peaceful Assembly in Burundi

Even though article 32 of Burundi’s constitution protects the right to peaceful assembly, public demonstrations in Burundi have become almost impossible in the wake of the sustained use of excessive force by security forces. Read more

Association in Burundi

Burundian civil society grew in size and influence after the mid-1990s and made important contributions to deepening democracy, including during free and fair elections in 2005 when the civil war ended. Read more


Space for civil society and citizen activism has been almost totally destroyed following a government crackdown in 2015 when citizens protested against the incumbent president’s bid for a third term. Many ordinary civilians and civil society activists have been killed, police have repeatedly used excessive force against protestors and detainees have been brutally tortured. Read more

Expression in Sudan

Article 39 of the national interim constitution safeguards the freedom of expression, but the legal environment remains restricted. The Press and Publications Law (2009) provides the state with power through the Press Council to monitor and censor press content. Read more

Peaceful Assembly in Sudan

The national interim constitution provides guarantees for the freedom of peaceful assembly but in practice the right is not respected in Sudan. Read more