Civic Space Developments

Iceland-Overview

Iceland has a strong democratic tradition and a culture of participation and activism. While the country has seen several corruption scandals in recent years, most recently exposed by the Panama Papers leaks, each time there has been a strong civic response that has led to rapid political change. Read more

Expression

The freedom of expression is protected by Article 10 of the Constitution, with limitations on the basis of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health and the protection of the rights and reputations of others. Read more

Peaceful Assembly

Article 11 of the Constitution also guarantees the freedom of assembly, apart from on the on the basis of defence, public safety, public order, public morality and public health. Read more

Association

Article 11 of the Constitution guarantees the freedom of association, including the right to form trade unions and other associations, with limitations introduced on the basis of defence, public safety, public order, public morality and public health. Read more

St Vincent and the Grenadines-Overview

The Constitution of St Vincent and the Grenadines guarantees fundamental freedoms, including of conscience, expression, association and assembly. Read more

Expression

While cases brought to the Supreme Court have often upheld the constitutional guarantee of the freedom of expression, the freedom remains constrained both by the Defamation Act and the section of the Penal Code on criminal libel and slander. Read more

Peaceful Assembly

Under the colonial era Public Order Act, seven days’ notice must be given for the holding of an assembly. Read more

Zambia - Overview

Zambia has an extensive civil society, which includes a strong presence by church groups and trade unions as well development and human rights CSOs. Read more

Expression

Article 12 of the Constitution upholds the freedom of expression, with restrictions on the grounds of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health and the protection of the rights and reputations of others. Read more

Peaceful Assembly

The Constitution, in Article 13, also recognises with freedom of assembly, with limitations on the grounds of defence, public safety, public order, public morality and public health. Read more