Civic Space Developments

Peaceful Assembly

Freedom of peaceful assembly is also guaranteed in Article 5 of the Constitution. Read more

Expression

Article 14 of the Constitution recognises the freedom of expression, except on the grounds of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health and protecting the rights and reputations of others. Read more

Association

The Constitution, in Article 16, protects the freedom of association, with reservations on the grounds of defence, public safety, public order, public morality and public health. Read more

Association

Freedom of association is guaranteed by Article 5 of Mali’s 1992 Constitution and a 2004 law governs the registration and operation of civil society organisations. Read more

Mali-Overview

Political and social instability, especially in the north of Mali, continues to negatively impact civic space conditions in the country. Read more

Lesotho - Overview

Civil society in Lesotho works in a climate of considerable political instability. Recent years saw an attempted coup in 2014, the killing of a prominent military leader by other military personnel in 2015, and the fleeing of leading opposition figures to neighbouring South Africa and opposition boycotts of parliament in 2015. Read more

Slovenia-Overview

Slovenia has an extensive civil society, with relatively high levels of volunteering. There are institutionalised processes to involve CSOs, particularly trade unions, in policy-making in several fields; however, guidelines that relevant CSOs should always be involved in policy formulation seem to be ignored more than they are observed. CSOs also experience ongoing problems of limited financial and human resources. Read more

Expression

The freedom of expression is recognised in Chapter 3 of the Constitution. Namibia ranks higher on media freedom indices than most African states, and a media ombudsman office has been in existence since 2009 and acts independently of the government. Read more

Peaceful Assembly

Chapter 3 of the Constitution also recognises the freedom of assembly. This is generally upheld, although workers in parts of the public sector deemed essential have no right to take strike action. Read more

Association

Chapter 3 of the Constitution upholds the right of association. This right is largely realised, including for trade unions, although the government is sensitive about the expression of political and human rights dissent by civil society and has threatened and harassed CSOs on occasion. Read more