Ecuador

Ecuador: Amnesty granted to 268 rights defenders and protesters

On 11th March 2022, the National Assembly approved a bill granting amnesty to 268 people who faced prosecution for their defence of land, Indigenous and environmental rights, and for their involvement in 2019 protests. The bill was approved by the plenary of the National Assembly with 99 favourable votes out of the 125 parliamentarians in attendance. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

Ecuador: Amnesty granted to 268 rights defenders and protesters

Ecuador: state of emergency amid rising crime

On 18th October 2021, President Guillermo Lasso decreed a state of emergency for 60 days to confront rising crime and violence in Ecuador, saying the military and police would take to the streets to provide security. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

Ecuador: state of emergency amid rising crime

Ecuador: criminalisation of environmental defenders and bills affecting freedom of expression

In May 2021, state oil company Petroecuador filed criminal proceedings against Kichwa leader Wilson Geovanni Quindinga Salazar and his legal advisor Luis Xavier Solís Tenesaca for “paralysing public services”. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

Ecuador: criminalisation of environmental defenders and bills affecting freedom of expression

An environmental defender and a communicator killed in Ecuador in early 2021

The first round of Ecuador’s presidential election was held on 7th February 2021. Andrés Arauz, economist and candidate of the Union for Hope Alliance (UNES), emerged as the front runner. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

An environmental defender and a communicator killed in Ecuador in early 2021

Indigenous groups' rights violated in loss of land and livelihood to oil spill

On 29 September, police detained a group of Indigenous Kichwa people for three hours. The group had attempted to file a complaint with the Judiciary Council regarding the effects of an April 2020 oil spill in rivers of the Amazon that had impacted the lands and communities of more than 27,000 Indigenous peoples. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

Indigenous groups' rights violated in loss of land and livelihood to oil spill

Austerity measures during COVID-19 lead to protests in Ecuador

On 16th March 2020, Ecuador’s government published a decree declaring a "state of exception" in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. This suspended some individual rights related to freedom of association and assembly, and provided government with authority to use digital tools to monitor individuals under mandatory isolation or quarantine. Read more

Austerity measures during COVID-19 lead to protests in Ecuador

Ecuador rejects IACHR report on human rights violations and Ombudsman receives death threats

On 14th January 2020, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) published a report on their mission to Ecuador between 28th and 30th October 2019 to observe the human rights situation in the country in light of the massive protests against austerity which took place earlier that month. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

Ecuador rejects IACHR report on human rights violations and Ombudsman receives death threats

Mass protests in Ecuador: hundreds detained and thousands injured in ten days

On 1st October 2019, President Lenin Moreno announced an economic package meant to boost Ecuador’s economy. The measures were rejected by indigenous communities, unions and other groups, leading to mass protests. As previously reported on the Monitor, many social movements have resisted Moreno’s austerity policies, imposed as part of a USD 4.2 billion agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) signed in March 2019.

According to Ecuador’s Ombudsman Office, during the ten days of protest, eight people were killed, 1,340 were injured and 1,192 detained. Indigenous peoples were particularly targeted by security forces and negatively portrayed by pro-government media. President of CONAIE Jaime Vargas’ assessment differed from official statistics, accounting for ten people killed and over 2,000 injured. Read more

Mass protests in Ecuador: hundreds detained and thousands injured in ten days

Protests against economic austerity met with repression in Ecuador

On 16th April 2019, hundreds of Ecuadorians marched in Quito against the withdrawal of Julian Assange’s asylum status and the austerity measures imposed by the government of President Lenín Moreno. According to reports, as the demonstration neared the presidential palace, they were met with police repression. Police used tear gas, clubs and horses, leaving several people injured.

On 11th April 2019, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was arrested by police at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London where he had been granted asylum since 2012. On 13th April 2019, Ola Bini, a Swedish privacy and internet security developer and activist, was arrested at Quito’s international airport as he was about to board a flight to Japan. He was detained for over two months without trial and without clear charge. Read more  |  Read in Spanish

Protests against economic austerity met with repression in Ecuador

Civil society reports decrease in freedom of expression violations in 2018

According to the annual report of local organisation Fundamedios, attacks on freedom of expression in Ecuador decreased by 52 per cent in 2018 compared to the previous year. Read more

Civil society reports decrease in freedom of expression violations in 2018