Mongolia

Youth protest in Mongolia on the economic situation while press freedom rankings drop

In April 2022, youths protested around the failure of government to address economic issues, with some arrested by the police and beaten. The country’s press freedom ranking by Reporters Without dropped 22 places, as journalists continue to be targeted. Activist Munkhbayar Chuluundorj remains in detention. Read more

Youth protest in Mongolia on the economic situation while press freedom rankings drop

Arrest of activist and restrictive NGO laws proposed a regressive step by Mongolian authorities

Human rights groups have raised concerns on the arrest of an activist critical of China’s policies in the Inner Mongolia region. Further, proposed new NGO laws could restrict civil society and are inconsistent with international law and standards. Pandemic regulations have also continued to be used to criminalise protests, although the courts have eventually dismissed them. Read more

Arrest of activist and restrictive NGO laws proposed a regressive step by Mongolian authorities

Civil society raises concerns about press freedom and restrictions on peaceful assembly in Mongolia

The state of civic space remains ‘obstructed’ in Mongolia. In August 2021, a report on press freedom documented violations and concerns around self-censorship. A report by Amnesty International found that the government and law enforcement authorities are severely violating the freedom of peaceful assembly. In October 2021, a protest was held on sexual violence against girls. Read more

Civil society raises concerns about press freedom and restrictions on peaceful assembly in Mongolia

Passage of human rights defenders law important step as ruling party consolidates power in Mongolia

In a positive step forward, parliament passed a new law to protect human rights defenders. While the law was welcomed, there are concerns about some provisions that could be used to restrict activism. Further, the curtailment of press freedom remains a concern. Read more

Passage of human rights defenders law important step as ruling party consolidates power in Mongolia

Human rights defenders’ law still in progress in Mongolia but concerns remain about new NGO bills

The human rights defenders protection law is coming up for discussion in the current parliamentary session while a new and restrictive set of NGO bills are still being considered. Read more

Human rights defenders’ law still in progress in Mongolia but concerns remain about new NGO bills

UN calls on Mongolia to protect human rights defenders, journalists and revise draft NGO law

Mongolia’s human rights record was examined by the UN Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Working Group on 4th November 2020. Ahead of the UPR review numerous civil society groups raised concerns about restrictions to freedom of expression in Mongolia. the European Centre for Law and Justice (ECLJ) it noted that some religious organisations faced bureaucratic harassment and barriers to registration. In mid-September 2020, protesters rallied against a visit by the Chinese government’s diplomat amid accusations that Beijing is suppressing native language and culture in ethnic Mongolian regions of China. Read more

UN calls on Mongolia to protect human rights defenders, journalists and revise draft NGO law

Progress on human rights defender’s bill in Mongolia but defamation laws put media at risk

In May 2020, a new law on the protection of human rights defenders was submitted to parliament. Civil society groups have raised concern about new criminal defamation provisions in the criminal code and the harassment of a journalist. The government has put on hold a proposed law on NGOs that could be used to severely constrain their activities. Read more

Progress on human rights defender’s bill in Mongolia but defamation laws put media at risk

Civil society at risk of restrictions with proposed new NGO law in Mongolia

A draft law proposed in November 2019 in Mongolia could increase restrictions for civil society. A human rights group has called for legislation to protect human rights defenders. A new progressive Law on the National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia came into effect in March 2020. Police has brought charges against a far-right group after they attacked a transgender sex worker. Read more

Civil society at risk of restrictions with proposed new NGO law in Mongolia

Flawed prosecution around killing of Mongolian pro-democracy activist

Two individuals convicted for the 1998 assassination of a pro-democracy activist and former parliamentarian were tortured while in custody to confess. In April-May 2019, the UNSpecial Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders visited Mongolia and received reports about cases of discrimination, intimidation, harassment, stigmatisation and accusations against human rights defenders Read more

Flawed prosecution around killing of Mongolian pro-democracy activist

Anti-corruption protests force removal of Mongolian politician while judicial independence at risk

In December 2018 and January 2019, there were mass protests against corruption in Mongolia which led to the removal of the speaker of Mongolia’s parliament, implicated in some of these scandals. In March 2019, civil society were alarmed when parliament passed legal amendments giving increased powers to the executive to intervene with the courts and anti-corruption agency. Read more

Anti-corruption protests force removal of Mongolian politician while judicial independence at risk