Libya

Independent Fact-Finding Mission a welcome step, but violations against HRDs, journalists continue

On 22nd June 2020, the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) announced the establishment of an Independent Fact-Finding Mission to investigate violations and abuses of human rights in Libya. The mission will cover violations by all parties since the beginning of 2016, with an aim to prevent further deterioration of the human rights situation and to ensure accountability. Both local and international human rights organisations welcomed the mission. Freedom of expression continues to remain under threat. On 29th July 2020 a joint statement issued by 28 media and human rights organisations condemned the practice of security forces searching citizens’ personal devices without permission. This practice is particularly used on activists, lawyers, human rights defenders, media professionals, bloggers, and even immigrants and asylum seekers. In addition the Law on Combatting Terrorism [3/2014] has been used to arrest people exercising their right to free speech. For example it was used to silence dissent of photojournalist and activist Ismail Bouzriba Al-Zoui who was sentenced to 15 years in prison by a military court during a “secret trial” in Benghazi in May 2020.

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Independent Fact-Finding Mission a welcome step, but violations against HRDs, journalists continue

Journalists in Libya killed and arbitrarily detained while covering the ongoing armed conflict

Libya continuous to be one of the most dangerous countries for journalists. Journalists continue to face physical attacks and arbitrary arrests, as international groups call on the Libyan authorities to immediately release and protect journalists. Read more

Journalists in Libya killed and arbitrarily detained while covering the ongoing armed conflict

Civic space suffers amid ongoing conflict in Tripoli

The human costs of the ongoing armed conflict in Libya are devastating. Clashes between rival groups since late August have left 115 dead and 560 injured in Tripoli. A humanitarian crisis is growing due to people displaced by violence and the lack of basic services. In this context, the United Nations (UN) has stepped up calls to stop the violence. Read more

 Civic space suffers amid ongoing conflict in Tripoli

Libya: journalist abducted, tortured and murdered

On 31st July 2018, unidentified assailants kidnapped and killed a journalist in Sabha, southwestern Libya. Prior to being abducted, Musa Abdul Kareem, a journalist working for the news outlet Fasanea, had authored an article focusing on increasing insecurity and violence in Libya. Read more

Libya: journalist abducted, tortured and murdered

Septimius Award organisers abducted in Tripoli and held in detention by GNA

As previously covered on the CIVICUS Monitor, the conditions for journalists in Libya have attracted international concern in 2018. In a recent example, two media professionals affiliated with Libya's Septimius Award, Suleiman Qashout, a prominent TV anchor and the chairman of the Septimius Award’s board of directors, and Ahmed Yaacoubi, the Septimius Award director, were abducted on 29th April 2018 in Tripoli, Libya. Read more

Septimius Award organisers abducted in Tripoli and held in detention by GNA

Despite lack of state protection of civic freedoms, hundreds protest corruption and inflation

Despite the appalling lack of state protection for civil society and citizens' civic freedoms, the worsening political, economic and social instability has prompted Libyans to take to the streets and protest.
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Despite lack of state protection of civic freedoms, hundreds protest corruption and inflation

International spotlight on continuous abuse and intimidation of human rights defenders

As previously covered on the CIVICUS Monitor, the newly-drafted Libyan constitution has sparked concern among freedom of speech advocates. In particular, criticism has focused on the vague wording of articles 37 and 38, which are considered by some as being insufficient in ensuring freedom of expression and independence of the media in Libya. Read more

International spotlight on continuous abuse and intimidation of human rights defenders

Libyan writers face backlash of harassment and death threats

As we've previously covered in the CIVICUS Monitor, the situation for freedom of expression is seriously curtailed in Libya. Recently, a number of young authors were left fearing for their lives after contributing to a book entitled "Sun on Closed Windows". Read more

Libyan writers face backlash of harassment and death threats

HRD abducted: lawlessness fuels decline in civic freedoms

In a recent incident on 30th May 2017, founder of a human rights association and former Deputy Minister of Awqaf, Tarek Milad Mohamed Al Gadhafi, was abducted by Libyan security forces while teaching a class at the Al Abbas Institute. Read more

HRD abducted: lawlessness fuels decline in civic freedoms

Violent conflict puts Libyan human rights defenders at serious risk

As militia groups battle for control of the country, human rights defenders in Libya face the risk of assassination, kidnapping and enforced disappearance. Read more

Violent conflict puts Libyan human rights defenders at serious risk