Guinea

Military junta dissolves FNDC coalition following protests

On 8th August 2022, Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation of the military transitional government, Mory Condé, issued an order dissolving Front National pour la Défense de la Constitution (FNDC), a coalition of political parties, trade unions and civil society groups formed in April 2019 against any changes in the Constitution as to allow former President Alpha Condé to run for an unconstitutional third term. In the order, the military transitional government accuses FNDC of perpetrating violence and targeting security forces during protests. The order further motivates the group's dissolution as FNDC "jeopardises national unity, public peace and peaceful living together, does not appear on the list of NGOs in Guinea, nor on the list of association collectives […] and even less in the directory of NGOs approved in Republic of Guinea".

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Military junta dissolves FNDC coalition following protests

Several killed, injured, arrested in protest against the military junta’s “unilateral management of the transition”

Front National pour la Défence de la Constitution (FNDC), a coalition of political parties, civil society groups and trade unions, called for protests on 28th and 29th July 2022 in Conakry to demand more transparency in Guinea’s transition, as coordinated by the military junta. Protests also called for the establishment of an inclusive framework for dialogue. According to news reports, the military junta deployed the armed forces to maintain public order during the demonstrations, and security forces reportedly used tear gas to disperse protesters, while protesters responded by throwing stones and burning tyres. Some of the protests turned into violent clashes between protesters and security forces, particularly in the neighbourhoods of Bambèto, Sonfonia and on the route Le Prince, and which led to casualties, injuries,and dozens of arrests. Read more  |  Read in French

Several killed, injured, arrested in protest against the military junta’s “unilateral management of the transition”

Blanket ban on protests until the election campaign starts

On 13th May 2022, Comité National du Rassemblement pour le Développement (CNRD), the military transitional authorities, announced that all public protests “likely to compromise social tranquillity and the proper implementation of the activities contained in the timetable, (…)” are banned until the start of the electoral campaign period.

The decision follows the announcement on 11th May 2022 by the National Transitional Council (CNT), the legislative-like body of the military transitional authorities, that the transitional period would take 36 months. Previously, on 30th April 2022, the leader of the CNRD, Mamady Doumbouya, said in an address on television that the military transition period could last 39 months.
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Blanket ban on protests until the election campaign starts

Police prevent, disperse pro-Condé protest

A day before a meeting of the regional Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in Abuja, Nigeria, to discuss the military coups in Guinea and Mali, supporters of deposed president Alpha Condé attempted on 11th December 2021 to gather at the headquarters of Condé's political party, Rassemblement du Peuple de Guinée (RPG), in Conakry to demand the liberation of Alpha Condé. Read more

Police prevent, disperse pro-Condé protest

Guinea's President ousted in military coup; release of HRD; several journalists attacked

On 5th September 2021, Guinea’s Special Forces under the leadership of Mamady Doumbouya detained President Alpha Condé, suspended the Constitution and dissolved the government and its institutions, prompting regional bodies the African Union and West African ECOWAS to suspend Guinea's membership. The coup follows less than a year after Condé was re-elected for a controversial third term, which required a change in the Constitution, as it contained a two-term limit for presidential mandates. Read more  |  Read in French

Guinea's President ousted in military coup; release of HRD; several journalists attacked

HRD sentenced to three years’ imprisonment on appeal

On 10th June 2021, the Conakry Court of Appeal sentenced Front National de la Défense de la Constitution (FNDC) activist and deputy coordinator of the pro-democracy movement Tournons la Page Oumar Sylla, also known as Foniké Menguè, to three years in prison for “communication and dissemination of false information, violence and threat of death Read more

HRD sentenced to three years’ imprisonment on appeal

Wave of arrests of opposition supporters and activists; journalists continue to be imprisoned

At least 400 opposition supporters and civil society activists arrested, says human rights group

In a statement on 2nd February 2021, human rights group Amnesty International said that since the announcement of the official results of the presidential elections in October 2020, authorities have targeted at least 400 opposition supporters and civil society members in a massive wave of arrests. Four people – including three members of opposition party Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG) who were reportedly arrested in connection with protests against a new constitution in March 2020 – died while in pre-trial detention in the main prison in Conakry. Authorities have attributed these deaths to natural causes or illnesses, but according to Human Rights Watch (HRW) family members, lawyers and activists who they spoke to claimed the deaths were due to torture, ill-treatment, poor detention conditions and lack of adequate medical care.
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Wave of arrests of opposition supporters and activists; journalists continue to be imprisoned

Controversial presidential elections: at least 21 killed in post electoral protests and violence

Controversial and disputed presidential elections took place in Guinea on 18th October 2020, after a constitutional referendum in March 2020 and a new Constitution, allowing incumbent president Alpha Condé run for a third term Read more  |  Read in French

Controversial presidential elections: at least 21 killed in post electoral protests and violence

Judicial harassment of FNDC activists; 6 people killed in protest against COVID-19 police roadblocks

On 17th July 2020 - three days before a planned FNDC protest (see under Peaceful Assembly) - armed and hooded police officers arrived at the residence of Ibrahima Diallo, coordinator of Tournons la Page Guinea and in charge of operations for FNDC. As Diallo was not at home, officers left a summons with his wife, calling for Diallo to present himself to the Central Direction of the Judicial Police for 'disturbance to the State'. Read more  |  Read in French

Judicial harassment of FNDC activists; 6 people killed in protest against COVID-19 police roadblocks

Controversial constitutional referendum goes ahead despite months of protests: several killed

On 22nd March 2020, legislative elections and the controversial referendum on a new constitution took place in Guinea, in a context of violence, clashes with security forces and interruptions in the access to the internet and social media. Read more  |  Read in French

Controversial constitutional referendum goes ahead despite months of protests: several killed