*Please note that updates on the Somalia page also cover developments in Somaliland*

The long-running conflict involving armed group Al-Shabaab and the Somali government, in addition to smaller conflicts with warlords over access to resources, continues to have a damaging effect on citizen’s basic freedoms, perpetuating a humanitarian crisis and displacement of the population. In many parts of the country, civic space is severely restricted, with the national intelligence agency (NISA) arbitrarily arresting and detaining individuals without charge or access to legal counsel and family visits. Opposition members have also been detained.

Journalists have been killed, attacked or detained by authorities if they report openly or cover issues critical of the government. A new repressive media law passed in July 2017 contained vaguely-worded provisions, broad restrictions on journalists and powers to the authorities to prosecute media workers. Protesters have also been killed and requests to engage in peaceful assemblies are regularly denied, with authorities and the intelligence services citing security concerns as a justification. The country remains one of the most dangerous in the world for aid workers.