Peaceful Assembly

The Public Order Act of 2013 replaced the colonial era 1959 Public Order Act, but 18 sections or sub-sections were found unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court in July 2015, including restrictions on the holding of assemblies and provisions that the police could seize footage of the policing of assemblies and the president could impose curfews. A new Public Assembly Act was therefore passed in 2015. This was an improvement on the 2013 Act, but it still contains some restrictive provisions, including the need to give five days’ notice to the police for assemblies, and powers to the head of the police to break up an assembly on broad grounds such as public health, morality and safety, as well as to set conditions on the timing and location of assemblies.