Respect for fundamental freedoms in Israel is heavily influenced by the complex political situation related to Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territories. Several internal factors also have a significant impact on individuals’ ability to exercise public freedoms. These include weakened and ambiguous legislative protection for civic freedoms, allowing the state to impose its authority on individuals and restrict their ability to organise, assemble and speak out. Security-oriented state policies enhance the power of the army and undermine human rights protections. In recent times, a new civil society law has made it more difficult for CSOs to receive foreign funding, archaic public order laws continue to prevent the freedom of peaceful assembly while government critics and journalists are regularly targeted in order to close space for dissent.