News feed


Free speech is still significantly constrained in Afghanistan. Journalists – particularly female journalists – face intimidation, legal harassment and violence from state and non-state actors. Consequently, many journalists self-censor, especially when it comes to reporting sensitive issues like corruption, violence against women and human rights abuses. Read more

Peaceful Assembly

The right to peaceful protest is guaranteed in law, however, it only applies to Afghan citizens. The Law on Gatherings, Strikes and Demonstrations requires notification only 24 hours in advance of the event, and express permission from the authorities is not required. Read more


Freedom of association is enshrined in law and it generally creates an enabling framework for the formation and operation of civil society organisations. However, there are some barriers to their free operation, as well as invasive supervisory oversight. Read more


Although civic freedoms are technically respected in law, people in Cameroon cannot criticise the authorities or offer alternative opinions to those of the government. While the constitution provides strong guarantees for basic freedoms, other laws, including the penal code, are used to undermine civic space. Read more


People in Burkina Faso have generally enjoyed the rights to associate, assemble peacefully and express themselves. However these rights are often unfairly restricted. During the removal of the president in 2014 and the short-lived coup of September 2015, peaceful protests were violently repressed by the Presidential Security Regiment and restrictions on freedom of expression increased, including attacks on journalists and human rights defenders. Read more


Despite limitations in the exercise of some civic space freedoms, which are particularly apparent at the local level, Argentine civil society is robust and highly visible and has played a positive role in recent legal reforms. The media is highly polarised, and stigmatising statements and criticism by public officials impede the healthy deliberation of public issues. Read more


The world’s ninth largest economy, Brazil is a regional power as well as an emerging global power. At the same time, Brazilians experience grave human rights violations that reflect poorly on the country’s respect for civic space. Read more


People in Andorra enjoy civic space that is unhindered by legal or practical impediments. Civic associations in Andorra are free to support a range of causes, from promoting women’s rights to stimulating economic debate and advocating for environmental protection. Read more