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Expression

Argentina is a relatively safe country for journalists, but there have been cases of harassment and political intimidation by provincial governments. In December 2013, Juan Pablo Suárez, a newspaper editor, was arrested and later accused of sedition and inciting collective violence under the highly criticized antiterrorism law. Read more


Peaceful Assembly

Peaceful protests are frequent in Argentina, and people are able to demonstrate mostly without constraint; no prior authorisation requirements are in place. However, a newly issued protocol on police action during demonstrations would allow the security forces to use firearms or rubber bullets to disperse crowds. Read more


Expression

A robust exchange of views on most topics takes place in Albania, both between individuals and through the media, although political bias and business influence does skew coverage, making reporting less impartial than it ought to be. Nevertheless, there are signs that the overall media environment is improving in Albania. Read more


Peaceful Assembly

Albania allows people to assemble peacefully in public places. Organisers must normally notify the police in advance, although in certain circumstances groups can gather in public spaces without prior notification. Read more


Association

The right to create and operate civil society organisations is guaranteed in Argentina. NGOs, trade unions, grassroots organisations and advocacy groups are legally recognised, are robust and play a major role in society. Read more


Association

People in Albania are able to form groups to advance their interests, generally without interference from the state. In 2011, half of the civil society representatives surveyed said laws regulating the sector were ‘moderately enabling.’ Read more


Overview

A combination of energetic advocacy by civil society and the granting of European Union Candidate Status in 2014 resulted in important recent gains for civil society organisations in Albania. Regulation of the sector has been improved because of laws that provide better safeguards for civic space, including progressive rules for peaceful public gatherings. Read more


Expression

Free speech is still significantly constrained in Afghanistan. Journalists – particularly female journalists – face intimidation, legal harassment and violence from state and non-state actors. Consequently, many journalists self-censor, especially when it comes to reporting sensitive issues like corruption, violence against women and human rights abuses. Read more


Peaceful Assembly

The right to peaceful protest is guaranteed in law, however, it only applies to Afghan citizens. The Law on Gatherings, Strikes and Demonstrations requires notification only 24 hours in advance of the event, and express permission from the authorities is not required. Read more


Association

Freedom of association is enshrined in law and it generally creates an enabling framework for the formation and operation of civil society organisations. However, there are some barriers to their free operation, as well as invasive supervisory oversight. Read more