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Expression in Peru

The Peruvian Constitution guarantees freedom of the press, but criminal defamation statutes are systematically used against journalists, and those covering sensitive issues such as corruption, drug trafficking, police abuse and land and mining conflicts are frequently subjected to threats. Read more

Peaceful Assembly in Peru

The Peruvian Constitution guarantees the right to peaceful assembly, specifically stating that gatherings in public spaces do not require prior authorisation but advance notification. When authorities fail to respond, however, requests are deemed to be denied. Read more

Association in Peru

The freedom of association is constitutionally guaranteed. However, funding of CSOs has been increasingly subjected to controls by the Peruvian Agency for International Cooperation, and violence against human rights defenders – especially anti-mining activists – is commonplace. Read more

Peru Overview

Peru currently experiences high levels of social conflict. Since the early 1990s, extractive industries have grown exponentially in areas dedicated to subsistence farming. Read more

Expression in Saudi Arabia

The media in Saudi Arabia is heavily censored and journalists also censor themselves because of a fear of reprisals for commentary or reporting that could be seen as critical of the authorities. Read more

Peaceful Assembly in Saudi Arabia

Protests are few and far between in Saudi Arabia, where authorities have actively issued orders banning all forms of public gathering, even those aimed at promoting cultural or literary causes. Read more

Association in Saudi Arabia

While some space for civil society does exist in Saudi Arabia – most typically through informal, cultural or community-based meetings and interactions – citizens have no meaningful influence over public discourse because of government dominance over the sector and the targeted repression of critical voices. Read more

Saudia Arabia Overview

Despite certain political and social reforms made since the turn of the century, the authorities in Saudi Arabia continue their decades-long clampdown on dissent, human rights activism and independent reporting through the media. Read more

Expression in Netherlands

The right to freedom of expression is protected by the Constitution and may only be restricted in the case of expression of hatred on the basis of race, religion, personal convictions or sexual orientation.
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Peaceful Assembly in Netherlands

The right to assembly and demonstration is enshrined in the Constitution and may only be limited to the extent necessary to prevent public disorder, for traffic reasons or to protect health.
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