Madagascar: "Almost if not all environmentalists are under threat"

As alerted by Front Line Defenders, environmental human rights defender Raleva was arbitrarily detained on 27th September in Vohilava village, and transferred 4 days later to a prison in Mananjary. Raleva, a member of the human rights organisation - Justice et Paix and Observatoire Independant des Droits Economiques, Sociaux et Culturels à Madagascar (OIDESCM), had been active in advocating for communities affected by the gold mining by a Chinese company Mananjary district. Raleva was arrested during a public meeting, organised by local authorities to announce the start of gold mining activities in Marokarima community, as he demanded that local authorities show the permit thereof, as the Head of District ordered earlier in 2017 the end of all gold mining activities in Mananjary district. He is accused of using the title of 'Head of District' during the public meeting. Read more

Madagascar: "Almost if not all environmentalists are under threat"


The constitution establishes the freedom to express and hold opinions; however, it also imposes restrictions designed aimed at ‘safeguarding the public order, the national dignity, and the security of the state.’ Read more

Peaceful Assembly

The constitution guarantees the freedom of assembly. Although public demonstrations are relatively commonplace, a permit must be obtained before people are allowed to gather in public places. Read more


Civil society organisations in Madagascar are very active and have increased in number and influence during and after the recent period of political transition. Read more


An uncertain political terrain in Madagascar continues to impact civic space; however, some civil society organisations believe space for civic activism is improving. Read more