The core civic freedoms of association, peaceful assembly, and expression are generally respected in Italy but some challenges persist. Read more

Ecuador Overview

For ten years, the government of Rafael Correa created a hostile environment for journalists and civil society activists and organisations, including the frequent stigmatization and persecution of journalists. This situation is improving since Lenin Moreno was elected President in April 2017. Read more


Taiwan is a stable democracy that has allowed three peaceful transfers of power between rival parties since 2000, and that has enshrined fundamental freedoms into its constitution. Read more

Latvia - Overview

Latvia maintains a mostly enabling space in which civic freedoms can be exercised. Civil society is however small in size due to limited financing and limited popular support. Read more


With increasing political polarisation in Bolivia, the work of civil society and journalists is being negatively affected. Civic space in Bolivia has narrowed as a result of the introduction of funding restrictions, the selective application of administrative requirements for CSOs and a combination of propaganda which damages the image of the civil society sector. Read more


In December 2014, Cuba and the United States declared the reestablishment of their long-severed diplomatic relations, yet most restrictions on the basic freedoms of association, peaceful assembly and expression remain in place in Cuba. Read more


Civic space is protected in law but government intimidation and over-zealous policing in Malawi impede activism and civil society organisations’ operations in practice. Read more


Costa Rica has long provided an environment where a pluralistic and diversified civil society has been able to develop and influence government decision-making processes. Read more


Australia enjoys a robust civic space in which civic organisations can be formed, opinions voiced and the government criticised. These freedoms have recently been threatened at federal and state level, through measures aimed at curbing criticism of the treatment of refugees and damage to the environment, as well as measures ostensibly designed to protect the country against terror attacks. Read more