Attacks on Journalists and Expression continue

Expression

The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) reported and condemned brutality by government military soldiers on 18th February 2019 that targeted two local journalists in Mogadishu. Said Warsame Sabriye and Abdullahi Dahir Abdi were allegedly handcuffed and beaten by security forces while collecting vox pops from residents who have affected the Mogadishu city lockdown earlier that week.

Mohamed Ibrahim Moalimuu, Secretary General of National Union of Somali Journalists said:

“We are appalled by this senseless and cruel treatment of a working journalist and we urge the Somali authorities to hold accountable the soldiers involved…. The brutal behaviour of security forces towards journalists Said Warsame Sabriye and Abdullahi Dahir Abdi shows there is no end to media repression in Somalia.”

In a separate incident, ten journalists were prevented from covering live an event

in which Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire laid a foundation stone for a new road construction which leads to the Somalia’s capital Mogadishu. According to one of the journalists, they were invited at 6 am to cover the event. On arriving at the venue, they waited until 1 pm when the communication officer from Prime Minister’s Office informed members of the independent press to leave and that the Prime Minister's office would later distribute the edited footage from the scene.

A Somali-born U.S citizen, Abdi Hassan, was arrested in the United States in connection with the kidnapping of a freelance journalist in Somalia. Although the identity was not disclosed, the victim is believed to be Michael Scott Moore, who was kidnapped on 12th January 2012, while working on a book about piracy, and held captive for almost three years, allegedly by Hassan and his co-conspirators, who demanded USD $20 million in ransom. Media professionals in Somalia and Somaliland continue to face threats, intimidation, arbitrary arrests, and judicial persecutions as a result of their work - these attacks are often perpetrated by both State and non-state actors. 

On 10th February 2019, a regional court in Somaliland ordered the suspension of the privately-owned Foore newspaper, for one year for publishing “false news”. The newspaper’s editor-in-chief Mohamed Mohamud Yusuf also received a fine of three million Somaliland shilling ($300), after being found guilty of publishing fake news and anti-government propaganda. The charges relate to Foore's coverage of the Somaliland government, including an October 2018 story on the construction of a new presidential palace. Mohammed informed CPJ that they plan to appeal the decisions.

CPJ's Sub-Saharan Africa representative, Muthoki Mumo said:

"Somaliland is using problematic sections of the penal code on false news and propaganda to hack away at the basic freedoms the press needs to hold government leaders accountable. The ruling against the Foore newspaper sets a dangerous precedent that anyone questioning the state's version of the truth can expect to pay a heavy price…. We call on Somaliland authorities to uphold press freedom by dropping these charges on appeal".

On 12th January 2019, Somaliland poet Abdirahman Ibrahim Adan, was detained at the Lake Assal Hotel, after he recited a poem on 11th January in Hargeisa, that highlighted several human rights concerns around police brutality, arbitrary detentions and poor leadership. Adan was arrested without a warrant of arrest and detained at the Counter terrorism Unit of the Criminal Investigation Department in Hargeisa. His family and lawyer were not allowed to see or talk to him.

Guleid Ahmed Jama, the acting Executive Director of Human Rights Centre said:

“The arrest of the poet is a clear violation of the Constitution of Somaliland. It is a suppression of freedom of expression.”