Civil society in Singapore operates in a constrained, tightly-regulated environment in which economic development is prioritised above all else, the ruling party and state are closely entwined and there is little state tolerance of the expression of dissent. The international system offers little respite for Singapore’s civil society. The state has not ratified key international human rights instruments, and it did not accept many of the recommendations on the freedoms of association, assembly and expression of its 2015 UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review (UPR), including that it should establish a national human rights institution. LGBTI people and people living with HIV/AIDS are systematically excluded, and migrant workers are denied rights.