Peaceful Assembly

The right to freedom of assembly is guaranteed under the Constitution and the law requires that protest organisers give the authorities advance notice of their intention to gather. While most protests are peaceful, the consequences of protesting can sometimes be deadly. In November 2015, police used excessive force in the town of Mango against protestors who opposed a proposed nature reserve. They opened fire, killing 7, injuring 117 and arresting 60. In a similar fashion, police also opened fire on student protestors in 2013 in Dapaong town killing two students. Arrests are also common. In March 2016, the president of Mouvement Martin Luther King (a human rights movement), Pastor Edoh Komi, was arrested and a litany of charges was pressed against him including “disturbing public order” as a result of his organising of a sit-in protest. In 2014, Pastor Komi reported that he was intimidated by the security forces to prevent a series of protests that were demanding compensation for those displaced in the 1980s to make way for a dam construction. Protests, especially those that are politically motivated are often repressed. In May 2013, a temporary two-day ban was imposed in the capital after several protests by the opposition and civil society groups against the death of an opposition leader.