Political and social instability, especially in the north of Mali, continues to negatively impact civic space conditions in the country. Although a peace agreement was signed in 2015, security issues remain a cause for concern, especially in the northern part of the country. Although conditions for free speech and activism were constrained in the immediate aftermath of a 2012 coup, over the last 2 years, people have been increasingly able to exercise their rights to association, peaceful assembly and expression. Nevertheless, police still use excessive force to disperse protests and journalists face a hostile environment when reporting on security issues and the military.