Expression

The freedom of expression is recognised as a fundamental right in Article 17 of the Constitution, with limitations on grounds such as sovereignty, harmonious relations, incitement, defamation and public morality. There are a number of independent media sources operating in a range of languages. Community radio has expanded, there are no reported restrictions on internet access, and the use of the internet for public debate has grown, although this has also brought some police targeting of those who express online dissent. While civil society assesses the political culture to be largely open and discursive, the authorities sometimes limit expression on issues such as LGBTI rights and Tibet. Journalists have experienced harassment and physical threats, including from political party members, and there is widespread impunity for these attacks. Both security forces and protesters attacked journalists covering the 2015 protests. In 2016, members of Nepal’s Human Rights Commission were summoned for questioning about a statement they gave during Nepal’s UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process.