Freedom of association is guaranteed by Article 5 of Mali’s 1992 Constitution and a 2004 law governs the registration and operation of civil society organisations. In order to obtain legal capacity, an organisation must register with the Ministry of Local Government and the requirements are clearly established in the legislation. The government does not have discretionary powers to deregister an organisation. Although many organisations operate in the country without state interference, security concerns in some areas of the country, especially in the north, place a practical limit on their activities. Due in part to discriminatory legislation, HRDs working on women’s rights and LGBTI activists are more vulnerable to interference, threats and attacks than others within civil society.