Civil society organisations in Madagascar are very active and have increased in number and influence during and after the recent period of political transition. Many community or peasant associations operate at a grassroots level; however, their influence is limited outside their local area. Human rights defenders working on environmental rights are subject to judicial prosecution and arrest, and they face harassment and intimidation from state and non-state actors. In one incident in recent years, two activists were arrested for denouncing illegal rosewood trafficking.