Serbia has a vibrant and active civil society that played a crucial role in the country’s transition to democracy. Although the legal framework for CSOs’ operation is mostly enabling, not all parts of Serbian civil society receive strong protection. LGBTI activists and women human rights defenders are particular targets of attacks and threats. Although people are able to protest with no major interference, the legal framework governing peaceful assemblies does not comply with international standards. Negotiations aimed at joining the European Union have resulted in improved respect for some civic freedoms, although the situation concerning the right to freedom of expression, especially in regards to journalists and the media, is one the decline.