Peaceful Assembly

Freedom of assembly is constitutionally guaranteed, only requiring organisers to give the authorities prior notification. However, in practice, this right is far from unrestricted. Security forces’ repression of protests – particularly those of indigenous and rural populations - is relatively frequent while recent legal innovations have made the disruption of demonstrations more likely. The 2014 Traffic Circulation and Obstruction of Roads Act, known as the Ley de Túmulos, prohibits roadblocks and any other obstacles to vehicular circulation, and punishes noncompliance with fines and imprisonment. Many mobilisations in 2014 and 2015 came in response to escalating restrictions on civic space. Also noteworthy were massive anti-corruption demonstrations in 2015, which forced the resignations and prosecution of the country’s president and vice-president.