Association

People in Tanzania are free to form and join associations. Civil society organisations are regulated by the Non-Governmental Act of 2002 as amended in 2005. However, the legal framework for civil society organisations is not homogeneous with other NGOs registered under the Companies Act, and Faith-Based Organisations and Associations registered under the Societies Act and the Cooperative Societies Act. Depending on their sector of operation, some CSOs work in a challenging environment, as authorities sometimes stigmatise organisations, linking them with political parties or as agents of the West. Human rights defenders are subjected to judicial harassment, threats and intimidation, especially land rights activists. In 2016, LGBTI groups face an escalation of official pressure against them. In September 2016, Deputy Minister for Health Hamisi Kigwangala said organisations that ‘promote’ LGBTI rights would be banned and accused the gay community of spreading HIV and AIDS and undermining Tanzania's traditional values.