The Turkish Constitution guarantees individuals the freedom to form organisations, societies and institutions. Despite these obligations, the law on Associations and Foundations places overbroad powers in the hands of government; effectively permitting authorities to arbitrarily dissolve CSOs without proper recourse. Turkish civil society groups also suffer bureaucratic impediments to accessing foreign funding, with lengthy notification periods contravening international standards. Local and international groups have also drawn attention to restrictions placed upon LGBTI groups who have documented challenges with registering with the government. Similarly, the lack of specific legislation to protecting LGBTI groups impedes their ability to freely associate. In the wake of the attempted coup in 2016, Amnesty International estimated that 10,000 individuals were detained and subjected to beatings and torture. The mass crackdown on dissidents has stretched to include opposition critics, academics, members of the judiciary, journalists and members of the military who are alleged to have been involved in the coup.