Peaceful Assembly

The Indian Constitution guarantees the right to assemble peaceably and without arms, and imposes restrictions on “the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India or public order”. Legislative restrictions, such as section 144 of the criminal procedure, give power to the authorities to impose a curfew and are often abused to limit peaceful assemblies. In practice, excessive use of force has been used against protestors as exemplified by the recent protests in Jammu and Kashmir. Following the killing of a prominent rebel leaders in July 2016, massive protests took place and led to deadly clashes between protesters and security forces. Security forces fired bullets and pellets to prevent and disperse protestors, killing more than 30 people and injuring hundreds. Mobile and internet services have also been suspended.