Association

Due to a perpetual emergency decree, Israeli authorities have wide discretion to declare an organisation illegal. The legislative framework governing civil society organisations is also becoming more restrictive. The Law on Disclosure Requirements for Recipients of Support from a Foreign State Entity requires organisations to submit financial reports four times a year for funding coming from foreign sources. More recently, the Parliament approved the ‘Transparency Law’ requiring CSOs receiving over 50% of their funding from international sources to indicate this on every document, website, sign or publication that they issue and in all communication with officials. In reality, according to civil society organisations, the legislation is intended to “primarily target organisations that criticise Israel's policies in the West Bank and the Gaza strip”. Civil society organisations and human rights defenders that criticise specific policies of the state and those who are involved with human rights issues—especially those dealing with Palestinian-Israeli issues—operate in a hostile environment.