Expression in Peru

The Peruvian Constitution guarantees freedom of the press, but criminal defamation statutes are systematically used against journalists, and those covering sensitive issues such as corruption, drug trafficking, police abuse and land and mining conflicts are frequently subjected to threats, intimidation, surveillance, detention, physical attacks and the theft or confiscation of equipment. According to the National Journalists’ Association (ANP), there were 113 cases of aggression perpetrated by both state and private actors, including police, public officials, civilians and media owners during 2014. 98% of the murders of journalists committed in the past 30 years remain unpunished. The media sector is mostly privately owned and highly concentrated. Peru has had a Transparency and Access to Information law since 2002; however, levels of compliance are still low. There are documented government restrictions on access to the Internet.