Expression in Nigeria

Nigeria has a large and vibrant media; however, many challenges to the full exercise of the right to freedom of expression remain. Legislation regarding criminal defamation and sedition is regularly used to oppress people and journalists who are overly critical of government activities and who report on human rights violations, corruption and violence. Journalists regularly face attacks, arrest and harassment from government officials and non-state actors like Boko Haram. In many instances journalists are prevented from covering events, rallies and, court cases which focus on politically sensitive issues. The Cyber Crimes Act has also been used to restrict online freedoms and criminalise bloggers who publish information critical of government officials and other individuals. Nigeria passed the Freedom of Information Act in 2011, although reports show that the law is not yet being fully implemented.