Free speech is still significantly constrained in Afghanistan. Journalists – particularly female journalists – face intimidation, legal harassment and violence from state and non-state actors. Consequently, many journalists self-censor, especially when it comes to reporting sensitive issues like corruption, violence against women and human rights abuses. In 2015, the organisation Nai Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan registered 95 cases of violence against journalists, four of whom were killed. Most of the crimes against journalists are not properly investigated, further adding to the high levels of impunity.