The right to create and operate civil society organisations is guaranteed in Argentina. NGOs, trade unions, grassroots organisations and advocacy groups are legally recognised, are robust and play a major role in society. Although they were not designed to hinder free association, legal and tax frameworks are outdated and do, in practice, make it hard for CSOs to operate effectively. Reform efforts have so far reached a dead end. There are no legal restrictions in place regarding access to international or private funding, although political criticism of CSOs linked to “imperialistic” donors abounds.