Association

Freedom of association is enshrined in law and it generally creates an enabling framework for the formation and operation of civil society organisations. However, there are some barriers to their free operation, as well as invasive supervisory oversight. Organisations are required to submit semi-annual and annual reports to the government, and failure to do so can lead to the dissolution of the organisation. In 2014, approximately 150 NGOs were deregistered because they did not submit reports. Human rights defenders work in a dangerous environment and experience a diverse range of attacks, including bombings and assassinations, carried out by both state and non-state actors, with high levels of impunity. Conditions for women’s rights groups, particularly in areas of the country controlled by the Taliban and other armed opposition groups, are particularly difficult.