Peaceful Assembly

The right to peaceful protest is guaranteed in law, however, it only applies to Afghan citizens. The Law on Gatherings, Strikes and Demonstrations requires notification only 24 hours in advance of the event, and express permission from the authorities is not required. Although citizens are increasingly exercising their right to peaceful protests, in some cases, and particularly in the rural areas of the country, police use excessive force and arrests or the protest is hijacked by armed groups. In 2015, a suicide bombing killed at least 20 people during an anti-corruption protest in Afghanistan's eastern province of Khost.