Although constitutionally protected, subsidiary legislation restricts the right to freedom of association and undermines civil society operations in Cambodia. Organisations that work on land rights, women’s rights and advocacy face more serious restrictions and harassment by the government. In 2015, the National Assembly, having failed to properly consult civil society, passed the restrictive Law on Associations and NGOs (LANGO). LANGO imposes a mandatory registration process, onerous reporting obligations and broad and vague grounds for denial of registration and deregistration of organisations.