Methodology

The CIVICUS Monitor combines data from a range of sources. Through a series of standard calculations and verification checks, we produce a guiding score for each country that we use to assign ratings on the state of civic space. Civic space is defined as the respect in law and practice for the freedoms of association, peaceful assembly and expression. Built into each of the three core freedoms is the understanding that a state has a duty to protect civil society, and must go beyond simply refraining from interfering in citizens' enjoyment of their rights.

Through a structured approach, we ensure that our treatment of data is transparent and that consistency is achieved in the analysis of different countries. Data generated by local civil society influences the ratings more strongly than data from other sources and this is reflected in the weight that we give to different data sets. The CIVICUS Monitor also provides context-specific analysis and acknowledges the variations within each broad ratings category by not assigning specific scores or rankings to individual countries. In doing this, the platform encourages people to reflect on the state of civic space in their country, and to challenge ratings where appropriate. In addition, all research contributing to CIVICUS Monitor ratings is reviewed by an independent panel of civil society experts.

The cornerstone of the CIVICUS Monitor methodology is the combination of several independent sources of data on civic space. Because civic space is influenced by complex economic, social and political processes, the CIVICUS Monitor draws upon a number of quantitative and qualitative data for its analysis and ratings. The intention is to mitigate sampling errors and data bias and prevent over-reliance on any particular data set.

Read our detailed methodology paper here.